Novelist in Windsor, Ontario; across river from Detroit. MI
Chris, the following is an extract from p. 393 of the publication Insight on the Scriptures. It offers discussion as to the identify of Michael and discusses also the probability of his being one and the same with Jesus Christ:
Michael - The only holy angel other than Gabriel named in the Bible, and the only one called “archangel.” (Jude 9) The first occurrence of the name is in the tenth chapter of Daniel, where Michael is described as “one of the foremost princes”; he came to the aid of a lesser angel who was opposed by “the prince of the royal realm of Persia.” Michael was called “the prince of [Daniel’s] people,” “the great prince who is standing in behalf of the sons of [Daniel’s] people.” (Da 10:13, 20, 21; 12:1) This points to Michael as the angel who led the Israelites through the wilderness. (Ex 23:20, 21, 23; 32:34; 33:2) Lending support to this conclusion is the fact that “Michael the archangel had a difference with the Devil and was disputing about Moses’ body.”—Jude 9.
Scriptural evidence indicates that the name Michael applied to God’s Son before he left heaven to become Jesus Christ and also after his return. Michael is the only one said to be “the archangel,” meaning “chief angel,” or “principal angel.” The term occurs in the Bible only in the singular. This seems to imply that there is but one whom God has designated chief, or head, of the angelic host. At 1 Thessalonians 4:16 the voice of the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ is described as being that of an archangel, suggesting that he is, in fact, himself the archangel. This text depicts him as descending from heaven with “a commanding call.” It is only logical, therefore, that the voice expressing this commanding call be described by a word that would not diminish or detract from the great authority that Christ Jesus now has as King of kings and Lord of lords. (Mt 28:18; Re 17:14) If the designation “archangel” applied, not to Jesus Christ, but to other angels, then the reference to “an archangel’s voice” would not be appropriate. In that case it would be describing a voice of lesser authority than that of the Son of God.
There are also other correspondencies establishing that Michael is actually the Son of God. Daniel, after making the first reference to Michael (Da 10:13), recorded a prophecy reaching down to “the time of the end” (Da 11:40) and then stated: “And during that time Michael will stand up, the great prince who is standing in behalf of the sons of [Daniel’s] people.” (Da 12:1)
Michael’s ‘standing up’ was to be associated with “a time of distress such as has not been made to occur since there came to be a nation until that time.” (Da 12:1) In Daniel’s prophecy, ‘standing up’ frequently refers to the action of a king, either taking up his royal power or acting effectively in his capacity as king. (Da 11:2-4, 7, 16b, 20, 21) This supports the conclusion that Michael is Jesus Christ, since Jesus is Jehovah’s appointed King, commissioned to destroy all the nations at Har–Magedon.—Re 11:15; 16:14-16.
The book of Revelation (12:7, 10, 12) specifically mentions Michael in connection with the establishment of God’s Kingdom and links this event with trouble for the earth: “And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels battled with the dragon, and the dragon and its angels battled. And I heard a loud voice in heaven say: ‘Now have come to pass the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ, because the accuser of our brothers has been hurled down . . . On this account be glad, you heavens and you who reside in them! Woe for the earth and for the sea.’” Jesus Christ is later depicted as leading the heavenly armies in war against the nations of the earth. (Re 19:11-16) This would mean a period of distress for them, which would logically be included in the “time of distress” that is associated with Michael’s standing up. (Da 12:1) Since the Son of God is to fight the nations, it is only reasonable that he was the one who with his angels earlier battled against the superhuman dragon, Satan the Devil, and his angels.
In his prehuman existence Jesus was called “the Word.” (Joh 1:1) He also had the personal name Michael. By retaining the name Jesus after his resurrection (Ac 9:5), “the Word” shows that he is identical with the Son of God on earth. His resuming his heavenly name Michael and his title (or name) “The Word of God” (Re 19:13) ties him in with his prehuman existence. The very name Michael, asking as it does, “Who Is Like God?” points to the fact that Jehovah God is without like, or equal, and that Michael his archangel is his great Champion or Vindicator.
Thanks for the A2A, Chris.
former Retired house painter
Thanks for asking, I learned something from researching the answer. Got Questions?.com answers this very well.
Question: "Who is Michael the archangel?"
Answer: Michael the archangel is described in the Bible, in the books of Daniel, Jude, and Revelation, as a warrior angel who engages in spiritual combat. The word archangel means “angel of the highest rank.” Most angels in the Bible are portrayed as messengers, but Michael is described in all three books as contending, fighting, or standing against evil spirits and principalities (Daniel 10:13; 21; Jude 1:9; Revelation 12:7). We do not have a full picture of any angel, and only two are named in the Bible (Gabriel is the other). Scripture only gives us hints of their movements during human events, but it is safe to say that Michael the archangel is a powerful being.
Despite his great power, Michael is still in total submission to the Lord. His dependence on the Lord’s power is seen in Jude 1:9. The righteous angels have a rank and are submissive to authority, and for this reason they are used as a picture of a wife’s submission to her husband (1 Corinthians 11:10). Taking into consideration the strength of Michael the archangel, his submission to God is all the more beautiful. If the submission of angels is an argument for woman’s submission, we can see that submission is never meant to take away a woman’s strength or purpose or value.
The prophet Daniel is told that Michael the archangel is “the great prince who protects your people” (Daniel 12:1). Daniel’s people are the Jews, and the fact that Michael “protects” them suggests that God has set various holy angels over various countries or people groups. The demons seem to have a similar hierarchy (see Daniel 10:20). The fact that Michael is a “great prince” indicates that he has authority in the spiritual realm. There are others—Daniel 10:13 says that Michael is “one of the chief princes.”
Michael the archangel has, it seems, a prominent role in the events of the end times. Daniel was told by the angel of the Lord that, during the time of the end, Michael will “arise” and there would be a time of unsurpassed trouble—a reference to the Great Tribulation (Daniel 12:1). Israel is guaranteed protection during this time, which will be followed by a great resurrection of the dead—some to everlasting life and others to everlasting shame (Daniel 12:2). The rapture of the church will be accompanied by “the voice of the archangel” (1 Thessalonians 4:16); this could be a reference to Michael, but Scripture does not specifically name him here.
The last mention of Michael the archangel appears in Revelation 12:7. During the tribulation, “war broke out in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back.” Michael and the forces of heaven defeat the dragon (Satan), and the Devil is hurled to the earth. There, enraged, Satan “went off to wage war against . . . those who keep God’s commands and hold fast their testimony about Jesus” (Revelation 12:17).
There is a spiritual war being fought over the hearts and souls of mankind. Michael the archangel is a strong angelic prince who protects Israel and submissively serves God by doing battle against Satan. The Devil can do his worst, but “he [is] not strong enough” to conquer heaven’s forces (Revelation 12:8).
Degree in Biblical Theology with a Greek emphasis (New Testament Greek)
In Biblical interpretation it is always good to let the bible speak for itself. This is much better than speculation or traditions of he said, she said or Aunt Mary’s Sunday School teacher taught us such and such, etc.
So in the Book of Daniel, Chapter 12, verse 1, which is a prophetic book, speaking of things future, we find this interesting passage:
“Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued. 2 Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.”
Daniel was a prophet sent to Israel, so “stands guard over the sons of your people”, is a reference to Israel of that day. Daniel himself was an Israelite!
“there will be a time” is an eschatological phrase, setting the time as future tense.
What future time does it reference? It is “a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time”.
This is a key phase since, in the Biblical account this is referenced elsewhere as the great time of judgement and unfolding of God’s final plans for Israel.
This is also referred to as “Jacob’s Trouble” mentioned in Jeremiah Chap. 30 and introduced by, “The days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will bring my people Israel and Judah back from captivity and restore them to the land I gave their ancestors to possess”, same idea as in Daniel. Both were prophets of the captivity period.
This time of distress is also referred to as “the tribulation” period.
In Daniel it refers to this period as 7 years long.
So all of this is still future and we can see additional details in Revelation 12. In Rev. 12 the chronology of events is both past and future when it mentions Michael’s role. But all of the events match the prophecies, so we have to conclude all of this is still future.
You can also see in the Daniel reference, it is the time of the great resurrection, “Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt”
Again an Eschatological reference (future tense).
So Michael is still around and the Rev. passage refers to his past battle, “Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon”. Here referred to as “the dragon”, but this passage, In Rev., also shows he still has things to accomplish, relating to the original battle and finalized in the future as mentioned in Rev. 12.
It is all about the Kingdom of God!
The larger concept is, ““Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come”, something “the dragon hates”!
And this is the beginning of the full rule of God’s kingdom on earth, (thy kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth, as it is in heaven).
The prelude to this is mentioned in Rev. 11 and sets the stage for Michael in Chap. 12.
Rev. 11 “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.”
The kingdom is what “the Lords” prayer even refers to, “Thy Kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth, as it is in heaven, sound familiar?”
God establishing his will (rule) on earth, as it is in Heaven.
So this is what it is leading up to and Michael still plays a role!
Hope that helps.
Engineer and practicing Christian.
Revelation 12 concerns an actual event in the pre-mortal existence of man. Lucifer (Satan) wanted to force all mankind to obey God’s commands, while Jesus Christ offered to atone for the sins of mankind, giving everyone the opportunity to exercise their free agency while on earth. Lucifer and his followers rebelled and fought this war in heaven that is referenced in Revelations 12. In this war Michael lead the fight for God’s side. We were likely on the front lines with him in this battle. Lucifer lost and he and his followers were cast out to earth (Isaiah 14:12 being one of many references), thus the “fallen angles”.
Michael is the name by which Adam was known in the pre-mortal life. He is called the Archangel. In Hebrew the name means “Who is like God.”
Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help Daniel, Dan. 10:13, 21 (D&C 78:16).
In the last days shall Michael stand up, the great prince, Dan. 12:1.
Michael the archangel contended with the devil, Jude 1:9.
Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, Rev. 12:7 (Dan. 7)
Pastor at Richfield Bible Baptist Church (1997-present)
Michael the Archangel resides in heaven. From there he travels back and forth to the earth as God directs, carrying out whatever missions are given to him (see Daniel 10:13,21; Daniel 12:1; Jude 1:9). The battle you referred to in your question, however, is yet future. It has not happened yet. It will happen at the mid point of a future 7 year period known as the Tribulation or Daniel’s 70th Week (from Daniel 9:24–27).
The Bible describes this battle between Michael and his angels with Satan and the fallen angels in Revelation 12:7-12:
“(7)And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, (8) And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. (9) And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. (10) And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. (11) And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death. (12) Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.”
The end result of this battle is that Satan and the fallen angels have their access to heaven cut off. Michael and his angels, the holy angels, will still enjoy full access to heaven. And, although Michael is not mentioned by name, he is, presumably, among the angels in heaven that are witness to the events recorded in the rest of the Book of Revelation.
35 yrs bible study; ex teacher, part time mechanic, engineer, IOW kiwi male
You have to watch the translation and understanding of the main terms. Angel is not an English word and is always taken to mean God’s messengers, but as it happens aggelos is a common Greek word and could mean messenger, envoy, ambassador, henchman or even sidekick.
Secondly, heaven could be the sky, the air, the abode of God, the place where the stars are, or what we would call the halls of power.
Being ‘cast out of heaven’ is when one’s star has fallen; a meteorite having been taken as an omen against a king or a government. It is highly likely that the latter is true of Revelation 12. The dragon is the army of nations waging war against Israel and the rest of God’s people.
Michael indeed could be the chief angel but it might be a name for the returning Christ. The dragon’s angels are simply some of the armies arrayed to take down Israel in the latter days. See Ezekiel 38.