The Bible: Historical fiction with a bit of fact thrown in for good measure.
Original Question: Where is Eden Garden?
I presume you mean the biblical “Garden of Eden”.
It’s a mythical place described in the biblical “Book of Genesis”, a collection of fictional and allegorical creation stories which were written by scribes during the time of the Babylonian Exile. This was done in order to give the scattered and disheartened Judahites a sense of common origin and spiritual belief.
But like many myths, there’s often a quite rational origin for the story. In this case it’s believed by a number of archaeologists that the origins of this particular myth lie in the mountainous regions of what’s now north west Iran, near the modern day city of Tabriz.
There are several very fertile valleys with mild climates in the mountains, in particular the Adji Chay valley, and there are several geographical similarities and toponyms which match the biblical description. These include the nearby headwaters of the four rivers of Eden, the Pishon, the Gihon, the Tigris, and the Euphrates, the mountain range of Kusheh Dagh (translated as the land of Cush), and the adjacent regions of Upper and Lower Noqdi (translated as the land of Nod).
Also supporting this region as the origin of the Garden of Eden story is the highest of the mountains, Mount Sahand, a now extinct volcano that could well be the Ezekiel’s ‘Mountain of God’, where ”You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones” (in Ezekiel 28:11-19). Cascading down the once live volcano, precisely echoing Ezekiel, is a small river called the Adji Chay, the name of which translates in the local dialect as ‘walled garden’, (also the origin of the ancient Persian word for ‘paradise’), probably because of the remote and enclosed nature of the valley bearing the same name.
Quite how stories from this this fertile and undoubtedly pleasant region came to be incorporated into the biblical story, perhaps several thousand years later, isn’t known. However the geographical descriptions do match well, and it’s easy to see how oral tales passed down over many generations, could easily have been adapted to fit in with the biblical story of Genesis, and the Babylonian scribes’ fictional creation story for the exiled Judahites.
B.S Physics & Mathematics, East Tennessee State University (2001)
The Bible actually does a good job with information and more than most realize. In short, it provides us with four rivers to base our decision on and two lands. The rivers are the Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel, and Euphrates. Two lands are mentioned are Ethiopia, and Havilah. Other things normally not recognized is that it mentions mineral resources that can actually be shown in those region today and one can take a look and explore this themselves with something like mindat (Mineral Collecting, Localities, Mineral Photos and Data). This is a world wide mineral mining and resource database that show corresponding gold deposits in the area. Also, most who try to give a description of it location forget to mention Assyria because it dings the idea of Adam and Eve are the only people on earth at that time but we see Assyria. It is mention in Genesis 2:14 and in an another Eden (Ezekiel 31) account that most try to ignore because shows Eden as busy place with many different beings. Assyria is portrayed as being populated in this account.
If I put all of these things in a pot and stir it would point to the region that corresponds to the area below what is today the top of the Red Sea and the surrounding area.
This makes sense Biblically and after more study one would see that Eden was covered by water after Lucifer's fall.
That is a story for another day though.
From them came every living soul, Gen 3:20, 5:1-2 & 4.
It’s hard to know today exactly where, but it had to be very close to the area of modern day Bagdad, perhaps slightly west of there. The flood took out most of the pointers, but the Tigress and Euphrates rivers are still there. There was another river now long gone, but satellite images declare there was another river there.
Program Assistant at Virginia Cooperative Extension (2016-present)