Bifra News: How INTERSOCIETY Triggers UN To Set A REFERENDUM Date For BIAFRA ( Hope For IPOB )

Poster: STANCOBRIDGE | Date: 4:14am, 24th Oct 2016. | Views: 363 | 1 Replies
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STANCOBRIDGE. Jalingo, Taraba
4:14am, 24th Oct 2016.

More hope has being raised for the Indigenous
People of Biafra and other pro-Biafra groups as
advocacy group, International Society for Civil
Liberties & the Rule of Law in a detailed letter
prevails on the United Nations to conduct a
referendum for Biafra independence.

Read their piece below...

*The Secretary-General of the United Nations
*The President of the United Nations General
*The President of the United Nations Security
*The United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights
*The United Nations Special Rapporteurs on:
*Truth, Justice & Reparation
*Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions
*Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading
Treatments or Punishments
*The Honourable British Prime Minister &
Distinguished British Parliamentarians
*Distinguished European Union Leaders
*The President of the United States &
Distinguished US Congressmen & Women
(9) Distinguished Canadian Leaders &
(10) Other Internationally Distinguished

(a) Human Rights Activists & Groups
(b) Former Heads of UN Bodies
(c) Former World Leaders
(d) Independent Experts on Justice, Peace,
Security and Human Rights
Distinguished Sirs/Madams,
Our name is: International Society for Civil
Liberties & the Rule of Law; abbreviated as
INTERSOCIETY. We are registered (Reg. No.
27239) rights based Civil Society Organization
under the Laws of the Federation of Nigeria. Our
advocacy voice or thematic areas are: civil
liberties and rule of law, democracy and good
governance, and public security and safety. We
are based in Onitsha, Anambra State, Southeast
of Nigeria. For easy of reference, we can be
electronically visited or accessed via

The purpose of this Open Letter to your highly
respected personalities is to seek for freedom of
detained Leader of the Indigenous People of
Biafra, IPOB, by name Mr. Nnamdi Kanu and other
victims of regime atrocities in Nigeria. This we
respectfully seek through your informed voices,
wise counselling and unbiased diplomatic
interventions, to be appropriately and timely
directed to the President of the Federal Republic
of Nigeria by name: Mr. Muhammadu Buhari.
Means through which Mr. Muhammadu Buhari
can be reached or communicated are available at
the diplomatic missions of your respective
countries in Nigeria or the Nigerian Permanent
Mission at the United Nations (i.e. New York,

This international justice appeal particularly
comes on the heels of the 71st Session of the
United Nations General Assembly, comprising of
193 Member-States, at which President
Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria has been slated;
likewise other world leaders, to address the UN
General Assembly on 21st of September 2016, in
line with the General Assembly’s 2016 session
theme: Sustainable Development Goals: A
Universal Push to Transform our World; which
seeks a strong link between sustainable
development, peace, security and human rights.

It is our informed observation that 70%, if not
more of international travels undertaken by
President Muhammadu Buhari since he became
the President of Nigeria on 29th of May 2015 took
place in the countries of your highly respected
personalities or at the UN headquarters in New
York, USA and a number of its other meetings and
conferences elsewhere. Just recently, too, the US
Secretary of State, Senator John Kerry visited the
President and extended his visit to a number of
places designated for him to visit by his host

We are technically aware of the modern workings
of international relations. We are further aware
that modern international relations are extensively
driven by Democracy and ICT-powered
Globalization. We also know as a fact that
modern democracy is driven by the rule of law;
just as the justice aspect of the rule of law is
chiefly driven by the two Latin doctrines of nemo
judex in sua causa and audi alteram partem;
which simply mean that someone should not be a
judge in his or her own matter and must hear the
other side before drawing a conclusion; otherwise
called fair hearing.

It is our knowledge that the modern UN System is
strongly built on the principles of democracy,
equality, rule of law and human rights; which in
turn, lays a strong foundation for advancement
ofinternational peace and security. As your highly
respected personalities are aware, these are fully
embedded in the Principles and Purposes of the
United Nations. We are aware too that your
highly respected personalities are the guidance
and custodians of democratic traditions in your
respected countries and have further worked hard
at ensuring the sustenance of the hallowed
principles at the UN System and global level.

Your highly respected personalities are aware too
that unless these hallowed principles are guided
jealously at all times, otherwise their opposites
will set in and consume the world, leading to
eruption of municipal, regional and international
insecurity and violence; otherwise called complex
humanitarian emergencies. That is to say that
sustainable development can never find its root
under complex humanitarian emergencies
powered by regime atrocities and gross human
rights violationsperpetrated by errant and violent
Member-States. The crisis in Syria, for instance,
has since gone beyond domestic and regional
problems. It has long become a global headache
with most territories under the watch of your
highly respected personalities and the UN System
bearing major brunt including incurring emergency
expenditures of billions of dollars to cushion the
effects of influx of Syrian refugees with associated
public security threats.

We have always paused to ask ourselves and
other international watchers how the world
including your highly respected personalities’
countries and the UN System will look if Nigeria
with estimated population of 174million people
goes the Syrian way or erupt into complex
humanitarian emergencies. That is to say that if
Syria with less than 25million population could
have approximately half of its population
displaced, leading to generation of 3.9million
refugees and 6.3million internally displaced
persons just in five years; what then will happen if
Nigeria is to explode in a like manner going by
ongoing intensification of triggers of widespread
violence; occasioned by current policies of
militarism and militarization of the Government of
Mr. Muhammadu Buhari?
We have carefully studied the ongoing diplomatic
interactions and relations between your highly
respected personalities and President
Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria and found them
commendable. But in spite of their commendable
outlook, we still find such interactions and
relations lacking in one key area: regime atrocities
and abuse of office. That is to say that your
highly respected personalities have in the course
of the diplomatic interactions and relations under
reference; turned blind eyes to ongoing regime
atrocities in Nigeria under the Presidency of Mr.
Muhammadu Buhari. Many Nigerians see this
lukewarm attitude as aiding and abetting of
regime atrocities in Nigeria.

Regime Atrocities under democracy are taken to
mean State-actor promotion and enforcement of
gross rights abuses including widespread State
killings outside the law, disrespect to judicial
pronouncements, criminal stigmatization and
trumped up charges. Others are executive
interference in judicial affairs and castration of the
independence of the judiciary; political
domination, exclusion and segregation; nepotism
and favouritism; ethno-religious cleansing and
adoption of State religion; widespread insecurity,
morality corruption and abuse of office as well as
general governance failure. These are State-
triggered structural violence culminating into deep
societal divisions which can snowball into
complex humanitarian emergencies. In quick
consequences of these, both negative peace
(absence of physical violence) and positive peace
(absence of structural violence) have grossly
eluded Nigeria.

Therefore, our writing your highly respected
personalities is generally predicated on the above
with particular attention centred on the ongoing
persecution of Mr. Nnamdi Kanu and other
victims of regime atrocities by the Presidency of
Muhammadu Buhari. It is shocking to inform your
highly respected personalities that till date, Mr.
Nnamdi Kanu is not standing trial in any known
court in Nigeria.

For the avoidance of doubt, the Black’s Law
Dictionary, 9th Edition (2009), defines a criminal
trial as a formal judicial examination of evidence
and determination of legal claims in an adversary
proceeding. In other words, a criminal trial is a
proceeding preceding issuance of a judicial notice
about intended legal claims and accompanying
evidence (charge) before a judge by the accusing
authority (i.e. AGF, Police or DSS) against an
accused citizen in which the veracity of legal
claims and accompanying evidence is determined
through formal judicial examination. It is
extremely important to inform your highly
respected personalities that none of the foregoing
has taken place in Nnamdi Kanu’s Matter till

He has been detained without trial for a period of
eleven (11) months or since 14th of October
2015. The circumstances under which he is held
are unlawful, illegal, unconstitutional and an
aberration to modern international human rights
and justice norms. Your highly respected
personalities may recall that Mr. Nnamdi Kanu is
the Leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra
(IPOB) and Director of a UK registered Radio
Station by name Radio Biafra London (RBL). The
IPOB is registered at the United Nations as a
body advocating for the indigenous rights of
indigenous people located in the Southeast and
the South-south parts of Nigeria. Both IPOB and
RBL earned their recognition and registration on
account of their nonviolence methods in
accordance with the UN mandate or principles.

As your highly respected personalities are aware,
under the UN System, Rights to Self
Determination, Development and Identities are
recognized and enshrined provided their
proponents do not use or advocate for violence.

Where violence is resorted to by their proponents
leading to widespread violent conflict between
their proponents and the host political territory,
the conduct of such is strictly governed by the
Laws of War or Geneva Conventions of 1949 and
their Protocols. The enshrinement of these rights
is internationally done by way of Treaty Laws or
International Conventions; which are legally
binding on Member-States that are parties to

Regionally and globally, the Federal Republic of
Nigeria has willingly acceded to these treaty laws
and accepted to be bound by their provisions and
obligations. Till date, Nigeria is a party to the
UN’s Covenants on Civil & Political Rights
(ICCPR) and Economic, Social & Cultural Rights
(ICESCR). As a matter of fact, Nigeria ratified
them in 1993. Nigeria is also a party to the
African Charter on Human & Peoples Rights
(ACHPR), which it ratified and domesticated in
1981. Several decided cases by Nigeria’s courts
of competent records or jurisdictions have also
upheld their admissibility and enforceability in the
Nigerian Legal and Justice System.
In these three important treaty laws cited, rights
to self determination, development and identities
are fully enshrined. Nigeria’s assent to them is
intact till date. Under the International Law and
the UN system, Nigeria is also under inexcusable
obligation to be bound by these treaty laws as
well as the Principles and Purposes of the United
Nations particularly in the areas of respect for
human rights and its obligation in the
maintenance of international peace and security.

Perpetration of regime atrocities particularly gross
human rights abuses and reckless disregard to
rule of law is the greatest threat to international
peace and security as well as sustainable

Nigeria is further bound by the ten basic
standards of the International Law including
tolerance and peaceful management of nonviolent
and peaceful assemblies; fair trial of citizens held
under whatever guise; prohibition of solitary
confinement or long detention without trial of
detained citizens; prohibition of torture and
custodial killings as well as bringing errant law
enforcement personnel involved in gross violation
of human rights to account for their conduct

Under the UN’s Customary International Law with
its principles of substantial uniformity of practice
by a substantial number of States and Opinio
Juris(i.e. a general principle that holds that a
non-treaty rule is legally binding on all member-
States of the UN); Nigeria as a member-State of
UN is inexcusably bound by fundamental rules of
the United Nations and International Law. Where
the ruling Government in Nigeria or President
Muhammadu Buhari pretends not to be in the
know of all these, then the moral and diplomatic
responsibility turns to your highly respected
personalities to do so. The authorities of the UK
Government, which colonized Nigeria and co-
inhabits Mr. Nnamdi Kanu as one of its legal
citizens, are morally and diplomatically obligated,
exceptionally speaking, to do so; likewise the top
leaders of the UN.

Allowing a gross abuser of human rights to be
dinning and winning with your highly respected
personalities without calling him to order morally
and diplomatically is nothing but aiding and
abetting.It is also an international conspiracy and
encouragement of citizens’ militancy and violent
resistance. It is like an abomination in human
rights community whereby a human parts dealer
is asked to join an organization that is defending
human rights. This position of ours follows our
informed observation that your highly respected
personalities are steadily failing in your moral and
diplomatic obligations to the good people of
Nigeria particularly as they concern their liberties,
lives and collective security.

We respectfully inform your highly respected
personalities further that Mr. Nnamdi Kanu who is
has been detained for eleven months having been
arrested on 14th of October 2015 by Nigeria’s
Secret Police by name DSS (Department of State
Security) is treated sub-humanly by the
Presidency of Mr. Muhammadu Buhari. Apart from
the fact that offences slammed on him are
trumped up, the conduct under which he was
arrested and detained is also criminally
stigmatized. There is nowhere in the civilized
world or law that voice conduct without force of
arms or physical violence of any form constitute
criminal offence not to talk of offences carrying
capital punishment.

President Muhammadu Buhari was in opposition
politics for over a decade and was noted for
mobilizing several assemblies against successive
administrations. In his several public speeches
then, he was noted as a violent political
campaigner, periodically threatening the
authorities and rest of Nigeria, yet he was never
arrested for one day. This was on account of
relatively culture of political tolerance of the
referenced past administrations, but months after
he became President, he criminalized peaceful
assemblies and ordered his security forces to
shoot and kill any group of people gathered to
exercise their constitutional rights to freedom of
association and peaceful assemblies. On account
of this, as much as 250 Pro Biafra activists were
gunned down and mass-murdered in about eight
different locations by Nigerian security forces
between 30th of August 2015 and 30th of May
2016. Till date, the perpetrators are still on the

As if these were not enough, President
Muhammadu Buhari made a public speech on
30th of December 2015 during which he vowed to
ensure that Mr. Nnamdi Kanu and ors spend the
rest of their lives in prison custody. This signalled
the beginning of persecution of Mr. Nnamdi Kanu.

On account of Mr. President’s open bias and
threats, the Judiciary became frightened and
terrified. A search for an amenable, conformist
and pro establishment judge to actualize
President Buhari’s open threat commenced and
seemed successful, leading to the choice of one
Honourable Justice John Tsoho of the Federal
High Court, Abuja Division. The Judge as
expected became bias and hostile; threatening
and undermining the rule of law and its hallowed
principles of nemo judex in sua causa and audi
alteram partem; which simply mean that someone
should not be a judge in his or her own matter
and must hear the other side before drawing a
conclusion; otherwise referred to as fair hearing.

Apart from holding Citizen Nnamdi Kanu for
eleven months now without trial, four orders of
the courts of constitutional records given for his
bail and discharge were all flouted. This is
attestation of President Muhammadu Buhari’s
meddlesomeness and castration of the
independence of the Judiciary. Citizen Nnamdi
Kanu was kept in detention for months while the
Buhari Presidency was busy searching for a
conformist Judge to jail him at all costs. Since
then, it has been one pre-trial arraignment and
gimmickry to another.

As we speak, the scripted trumped up judgment
against Mr. Nnamdi Kanu may most likely have
been written long ago; waiting for a makeshift
trial using masked witnesses; an infamous
request from the Presidency of Muhammadu
Buhari which Justice John Tsoho initially turned
down but later upturned following a
circumstantially obvious directive and pressure
from the Presidency. Citizen Nnamdi Kanu’s Case
(still at pre-trial stage) is scheduled to resume on
26th of September 2016 and despite calls by well
meaning Nigerians and other informed observers
on Hon Justice John Tsoho to hands off the case
for obvious bias and hostility, he has refused to
disqualify himself and is bent on doing President
Muhammadu Buhari’s bidding. Citizen Nnamdi
Kanu’s lawyers, too, have spoken out and written
several protest letters.

As advocates of rule of law and human rights, we
are not in opposition to judicial processes,
provided they are credible, open and transparent.
What we oppose at all times is the State efforts
to use judiciary to pervert the course of justice
and perpetrate gross abuse of the fundamental
human rights of the citizens and undermine
democracy and constitutionalism. Sections 35
and 36 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic
of Nigeria as amended in 2011; likewise the UN
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as well as
the Ten Basic Standards of the International Law
and the African Charter on Human & Peoples
Rights contain express provisions entitling
citizens to fully enjoy their rights to personal
liberty and fair hearing.

These sacred provisions include unhindered
access of the accused citizens to their lawyers,
adequate time for accused citizens to prepare
their own defence, timely availability of records of
proceedings for perusal and other lawful uses by
the accused citizens, custodial detention within
the period legally allowed, trial of the accused
citizens in the open court, accused citizens’ right
of appeal and their presumption of innocence until
they are pronounced guilty by courts of competent
Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky; leader of the Islamic
Movement of Nigeria (IMN) is another major
victim of President Muhammadu Buhari’s regime
atrocities. Sheik Zakzaky had been detained
incommunicado for over nine months or 270 days
after he was shot severally, battered and blinded
by soldiers, during which as much as 809 of his
followers were also massacred. The massacre
took place on 12th and 14th of December 2015
while they were peacefully and nonviolently
marking their annual religious event in Zaria,
Kaduna State of Northwest Nigeria. The
Government of Kaduna State had publicly
admitted burring in mass graves of 347 bodies of
the massacred IMN followers alone. Till date, the
blinded Sheik has neither been produced publicly
nor put on trial in any court in Nigeria; a period of
over 270 days and none of errant soldiers that
perpetrated the heinous crime has been arrested
and put on trial.

We hereby call on your highly respected
personalities to:
At all times, manually and electronically, advice
and task President Muhammadu Buhari on
modern workings of democracy, human rights and
rule of law.

Investigate and condemn all forms of human
rights abuse particularly unprovoked attacks and
killing of unarmed citizens, criminalization and
stigmatization of rights to freedom of association,
peaceful assemblies and freedom of expression;
and reckless use of State violence in public
governance approaches.

Task him to preserve and protect at all times the
sanctity and independence of the Judiciary and
the National Assembly as well
Task President Buhari to publicly renounce his
abominable pronouncement made on 30th of
December 2015 during his maiden Presidential
Chat; upon which the Judiciary has been
frightened and become terrified to the extent of
conducting its proceedings (i.e. Hon Justice John
Tsoho in Nnamdi Kanu’s Case) according to the
dictates or whims and caprices of the President
Urge President Muhammadu Buhari to steer clear
of Mr. Nnamdi Kanu’s ongoing Court Case and
allow a level ground for the accused and his
accusers (Buhari’s Presidency) to proof their

Allow constitutionalism to be strictly followed in
Mr. Nnamdi Kanu’s Case including the need for
the proceedings or proposed trial to be conducted
in the open court in accordance with Section 36 of
the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
1999, as amended in 2011, as well as the ICCPR
and the ACHPR Treaty Laws.

Urge President Muhammadu Buhari to end his
obvious meddlesomeness in Mr. Nnamdi Kanu’s
Case and the Judiciary and direct his Attorney
General to proof the Federal Government’s
allegation that Citizen Nnamdi Kanu is a
treasonable felon or an insurrectionist; or
withdraw the bogus charges against him for want
of evidence.

Urge President Muhammadu Buhari to produce
publicly dead or alive the Leader of the Islamic
Movement of Nigeria, Sheikh Ibrahim El Zakzaky,
who was shot and battered and detained
incommunicado since December 14th 2015; a
period of nine months or 270 days.

Urge President Muhammadu Buhari to refrain
from making further mockery of the rule of law
and citizens’ constitutional liberties by arresting
and clamping citizens into detention for over three
months without trial; contrary to Section 35 of
the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
1999, as amended in 2011.

Urge Mr. President to end his clamp down,
indiscriminate arrest and long detention without
trial of Pro Biafra activists across Nigeria or any
part thereof, particularly members of the
Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) and release all
their members languishing in various DSS cells
across the country without trial.

Urge President Muhammadu Buhari to
immediately reverse himself concerning his
violence prone style of governance particularly his
anti human rights stance, divisive and sectional
governance as well as his policies of
militarization and militarism.

Yours in the Service to Humanity:
Emeka Umeagbalasi, B.Sc., Criminology & Security
Studies; M.Sc. (c), Peace & Conflict Studies
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil
Liberties & the Rule of Law-INTERSOCIETY
Mobile Line: +2348174090052
Email: info@intersociety-ng.org
Website: www.intersociety-ng.org
Obianuju Igboeli, Esq., LLB, BL; LLM (c)
Head, Civil Liberties & Rule of Law Program

Chinwe Umeche, Esq., LLB, BL
Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program
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