How many children did Adam and Eve have?

Poster: STANCOBRIDGE | Date: 4:36pm, 1st Mar 2018. | Views: 90 | 1 Replies
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STANCOBRIDGE. Jalingo, Taraba
4:36pm, 1st Mar 2018.

Anne Benzow

still learning about the deep places of the spirit

18w ago

We are not told how many children Adam and Eve had. The scriptures only name three: Cain, Abel, and Seth. We can reasonably surmise that they had more children, but these seem to be the ones mentioned because they had some role to play in God’s purposes.

Cain and Abel are types of the flesh and the spirit, while Seth is one member of the long line of patriarchs down to Noah, and then continuing on with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Now that I think of it, though, the word father in the scriptures can often mean ancestor. Therefore, the word children can also mean descendants. In which case, we could take it to mean that we are all Adam and Eve’s children, in a manner of speaking.

According to a BBC News article (Do the dead outnumber the living?) dated February 4, 2012, “There are currently seven billion people alive today and the Population Reference Bureau estimates that about 107 billion people have ever lived.”

How’s that for a vast family of children?

Saurio Pérez

I am an atheist because I know a lot about religions.

21w ago

How many children did Adam and Eve have?

The story of Adam and Eve is a myth.
This means that it is a collective work of fiction. 
This means you can contribute to it.
This means that you can say any number of children and you will be right.

According to the extant mythology, they had at least five children: Cain, Abel, Seth and two daughters who were given different names depending of the mythographer (read Who were Adam and Eve's daughters? for more info).

Anyway, as I said the good thing with myths is that they are collective creations, so you can add your part and say any number of children you like and you would be 100% right about how many children did Adam and Eve have.

To show you how much free you can let your imagination run consider what some mythographers did with Adam’s height. Some non-Biblical Hebrew myths that say that Adam was originally so tall that he reached Heaven standing up and lying down he covered the whole world. Later, to calm down the anger of the jealous angels, God shrank Adam first to 500 meters and then to 50 meters, although some sources say that rather than shrinking Adam what God did was cut parts of Adam and scatter them all over the world to create the rest of the humans (a myth that, if it had made into the Bible, would have solved the contradiction of the people Cain finds in his exile).

Other Hebrew myth changes the rib for a spiked tail as the part God removed from Adam to create Eve and yet another myth says that actually God originally created a double being, male in front, female in back, like cojoined twins, but the movements of this androginous were awkward so He divided it into male and female. A third myth proposes a more elegant being, completely male except for a female second face at the back of Adam’s head, and later God removed this face and made a body grew from it, creating Eve.

And many many other variations.

So make up your own story with Adam and Eve having as many children you like most. You will be as right as the story of somebody else with Adam and Eve with completely different number of children from the one in your story.

Koh Handoyo

Love the Bible and have been reading it since childhood

51w ago

Adam and Eve lived long enough to have many sons and daughters, besides of Cain, Habel, and Seth. (Genesis 5:4) After all, they received the instruction from God to be fruitful and to fill the Earth. (Genesis 1:28) Besides, there are no contraception in the ancient. And they had no reason to limit the number of children they wanted to have. The world was very, very spacious at that time.

As to the exact number of their childern, some said that Adam and Eve had about 100 sons and daughters, but we can never be sure, because the Bible did not mention the exact number.

Rudy Schmitz

Owner / Abuse trauma specialist at Socratic Pine Tree (2015-present)

There is no count of Adam and Eve's children in the Bible.
The Bible only mentions three by name but it also says that they had "many more". It names three sons: Cain, Abel and Seth. If you believe the Bible literally, then you realize that there must have been at least some daughters, because they would have been the only source of wives for the sons.  St. Paul refers to Adam and Eve having many children and that all mankind is from the same family.  (I love that concept!)

Josephus, the Jewish historian, states that "The number of Adam's children, as says the old tradition, was thirty-three sons and twenty-three daughters."

Josephus was a former Jewish revolutionary who surrendered to the Romans, and instead of being executed found favor with the Emperor Flavius and became a Roman citizen.  He was encouraged to write a book on the history of the Jewish religion by the Roman government around 95 AD. He used Biblical sources, Jewish tradition, and possibly some references that are no longer existent.  His history of the Jews is named "Antiquities of the Jews".

Peter Francis Joseph DeFazio

• Priest • Student • Teacher • Reader • Writer • (2014-present)

An undisclosed number. Three children are named: Cain in Genesis 4:1, Abel (Gen. 4:2), Seth (Gen. 4:25), and they had an undisclosed number of other unnamed “sons and daughters” (Gen. 5:4).*

*All citations from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible accessed at Bible Gateway passage: Genesis 1-5 - Revised Standard Version

John Simpson


The Bible does not give us a specific number. Adam and Eve had Cain (Genesis 4:1), Abel (Genesis 4:2), Seth (Genesis 4:25), and many other sons and daughters (Genesis 5:4). With likely hundreds of years of child-bearing capability, Adam and Eve likely had 50+ children in their lifetime,

Living over 900 years means living ten times longer than we do today. Proportionately, the female period of fecundity – today 30 to 35 years – would then be about 350 years. At a rate of only one child every seven years, this would result in 50 children for Adam's immediate family. Interestingly, two ancient books written about the time of Christ but not having the authority of inspired Scripture confirm these figures. The Book of Jubilees, whose author is unknown, was written in the second century B.C. and states that Adam and Eve were in the Garden of Paradise seven years [p.49]. Then Eve gave birth to her first child, Cain, between the ages of 64-70, or the same numbers as the age of the Earth, anno mundi. Eve's second child, Abel, was born seven years later – between the years 71-77 anno mundi [p.51]. The total number of Adam's children is not given in this work; however, it is found as a footnote in The Works of Josephus where it states: "The number of Adam's children, as says the old tradition, was 33 sons and 23 daughters." In view of their longevity, these appear to be reasonable figures while it would have to be said that, sinners though they were, Adam and Eve had faithfully obeyed God's first commission to: "be fruitful and multiply …" [Genesis 1:28].

Rob Watson

God spoke to more nations than one!

Nobody knows the answer to this question for certain. All we know is what the Bible says about Cain and Abel. However, mathematically speaking, it is unlikely that they lived so long and didn’t produce many other offspring besides those specifically mentioned.

William Staub

Curriculum Developer at U.S. Army Fort Huachuca

The Bible only mentions 2 children by name, but we have to assume they had many more, because they lived for nearly 1,000 years and had a lot of free time after dark.

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